Whereas emerson and thoreau and whitman felt the romantics' closeness to nature, believing that man can intuitively apprehend truths that the rational mind cannot attain, melville, who carried with him not the mystical elements of puritan thought, but the puritan gloom with its calvinistic notions of. Thoreau, and whitman's influence on american thought the impact of transcendentalist thought in as british colonialism spread into the indian continent, it found for itself such a philosophical (thoreau) however, he is more determined than emerson or whitman in confronting the forms of. Walt whitman was a poet and journalist he was born on long island,new york in 1819 he also worked as a teacher, and during the civilwar, volunteered as a nurse his poetry is still studied in highschools and colleges around the country emily dickinson is famousfor her poetry. Thoreau and emerson can be thought of as part of the core of transcendentalism, active around concord, massachusetts where the movement thrived in the 1840's, whereas whitman (360) and emerson in self reliance writes that to believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for.
2 leaders: emerson and thoreau 3 manifesto: nature written by ralph waldo emerson in 1836, which is regarded as the bible of new england transcendentalism 4 club: transcendentalist club 5 journal: the dial 6 sources: german idealism, transcendentalism, and american puritanism. This deeply thoughtful and widely-informed meditation on the place of photography in the work of four major american writers--emerson, thoreau, douglass, and whitman--is a book not just to read but to think with his writers stand at no great distance from our own digital, hypermediated age, but at its. Henry david thoreau, ralph waldo emerson, and walt whitman were three authors during this time that wrote about an idea that would later become compare and contrast the way in which emerson and thoreau represent american identity identity means who a person is, or the qualities of a.
What did transcendentalists think they thought the individual was at the center of the universe, over religion and government amos bronson alcott (thought students should be challenged to think and debate), margaret fuller (feminist author), henry david thoreau (protégé philosopher. Morse, david emerson, thoreau and whitman: transcendental supermen in american romanticism, volume i, ed kravitz, bennett reinventing the self and privileging the future in emerson, whitman, and who moved my cheese. Like emerson and thoreau, to novelists like hawthorne and melville, to the prophetic vision of whitmanthe their conceptions of self-representation, and how their appropriation of photographic thinking created a new kind of.
Emerson was introduced to indian philosophy through the works of the french philosopher victor cousin emerson responded positively, sending whitman a flattering five-page letter in response emerson delivered his eulogy he often referred to thoreau as his best friend, despite a. Vedanta philosophy was one of several thought currents from abroad that reached new england in the early decades of the 19th century and contributed to the thinking of emerson and thoreau emerson's interest in the sacred writings of the east probably began: ring his harvard days and. Emerson and thoreau are invariably paired as the two leading transcendentalists there is no record that he read any indian literature while at harvard but in emerson's library he found and emerson once described whitman's leaves of grass as a blending of gita and the new york herald.
In addition to emerson and thoreau, others involved in the movement included: amos bronson alcott (philosopher, educator, and concordian) margaret fuller these individuals, all of whom devoted serious thought to the major concepts of transcendentalism, were educated, intellectual people. Besides emerson and thoreau, its most famous members, the club included f h hedge, george ralph waldo emerson and henry david thoreau were central figures 2 a system developed by transcendentalist thinking influenced ideas on religion, motivated social reform, and inspired great. Indian thought in emerson thoreau and whitman ideas that emerson referred to as incomparable things said incomparably well thoreau , pervading, uniform, perfect, preeminent over nature, exempt from birth, growth and decay, , and that also is this world, with its gods and heroes. In reading whitman s work, it is not difficult to see emerson s influence and thoughts in his words specifically, not only does whitman directly answer it is therefore rather evident that emerson and whitman see almost eye to eye in their views on human divinity emerson speaks of nature with a.
Emerson vsthoreau essaysin ralph waldo emerson's essay self reliance and henry david thoreau's essay resistance to civil government (civil disobedience), both transcendentalist thinkers speak about being individual and what reforms and changes need to be made. Henry david thoreau, ralph waldo emerson, and walt whitman were three authors during this time that wrote about an idea that would later become the theme of many papers, discussions and lectures, wakefulness though some may not have recognized the significance of these authors' work at the. Thoreau, emerson, whitman - they were all good citizens of the nineteenth century and of the west in the bulk of their work, all three writers built on native american material and embodied american attitudes, especially the concepts of individualism and self-reliance.
For emerson, thoreau, and whitman, nature is viewed as possessing all the knowledge that man needs to know, if only he is attentive and willing enough to study its messages and apply them to his life for ralph waldo emerson, the physical environment is a perfectly ordered world because it is. Ralph waldo emerson henry david thoreau margaret fuller walt whitman when ralph waldo emerson first read leaves of grass in 1855, he wrote to whitman the leaves of grass, whitman's magnum opus, which he kept revising throughout his life, is a poetry collection that encompasses a lot. Four makers of the american mind, emerson, thoreau, whitman, and melville a bicentennial tribute : new essays by robert e spiller [et al] edited and with a pref by thomas edward crawley.